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Battling Bed Bugs: A Tenant's Guide to Prevention and Elimination

Battling Bed Bugs: A Tenant\'s Guide to Prevention and Elimination

In recent weeks, the bed bug infestation in Paris has created quite a buzz on social media, with alarming videos revealing how quickly these pests can infest public spaces. Moreover, the UK has reported a significant 65 percent year-on-year increase in bed bug infestations. This rise, typical for October in Europe, is linked to factors such as the resumption of pre-pandemic travel and increased online purchases of second-hand furniture. 

As a tenant, it's essential to be informed about identifying, preventing, and addressing bed bug infestations. This guide will equip you with the knowledge you need.

Identifying Bed Bugs

Before you take action, it's essential to confirm that you're dealing with bed bugs and not another pest. Bed bugs can vary in colour, appearing dark yellow, red, or brown, and they range from 1.5mm to 5mm in length. One of the most telling signs is the presence of small dark spots on furniture or your mattress, which could be bed bug droppings, a strong indicator of an infestation.

Recognising Bed Bug Bites

Waking up with small, itchy bites is often the first sign of a bed bug infestation. Because bed bugs are blood-sucking insects, their bites are usually sore and tend to appear in a line or small patch.

Taking Action

Once you've confirmed a bed bug infestation, the first step is to inform your landlord or property manager. It's natural to want to eliminate the problem immediately but avoid hasty actions that could make the situation worse.


  • Get Professional Help - While not the most economical option, hiring a professional exterminator is the most effective way to rid your home of bed bugs. Professionals have specialised equipment and knowledge that can help safely and effectively eliminate these pests. They can contain the infestation and use chemicals unavailable to the public.
  • DIY Methods - If professional help isn't feasible, you can attempt some DIY methods, but be prepared for patience and multiple attempts.

1. Find the Infested Areas:  Bed bugs may not be limited to the area where you first notice them. They tend to hide in dark, concealed spaces. Check luggage, bedding, box springs, mattresses, headboards, under loose wallpaper, under carpeting, clothing, and even under light switch plates or electrical outlets. A magnifying glass and a torch may be needed due to their small size.

2. Contain the Infestation: Avoid moving infested items around your home. Landlords should encourage tenants to leave things in place to prevent the infestation from spreading further.

Getting Rid of Bed Bugs

You can use various methods to attempt elimination:

  • Wash infested fabrics at high temperatures (at least 60 degrees) to kill bed bugs.
  • Steam clean furniture that cannot be washed.
  • Freeze infested fabrics by bagging them and placing them in the freezer for a few days

Remember that none of these DIY techniques can guarantee complete elimination, and there is a risk of spreading the infestation within your property. Avoid using pesticides or chemicals as bed bugs have developed resistance to some, and they can pose health risks.


Preventing Bed Bug Infestations

Understanding how bed bugs enter your property and the environments they favour is crucial for prevention:

  • Check any second-hand furniture for bed bugs before introducing it into your property.

  • Limit the accumulation of dirty clothes and bedding in your property, as the smell can attract bed bugs.

By staying informed and taking proactive measures, you can lower the risk of bed bug infestations in your rental property. Remember that if you notice any signs of infestation in your home, always notify your landlord or property manager. They will be able to guide you through the process. 

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